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All you know about 5 Provinces of Pakistan

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Subnational administrative divisions that participate in Pakistan’s government make up the country’s administrative units. Pakistan is made up of 5 provinces of pakistan in Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Sindh, and the federally administered Islamabad Capital Territory. Additionally, Pakistan is in control of two autonomous regions.We shall talk about the 5 provinces of pakistan in this blog.

Divisions, which are further divided into districts, tehsils, and union councils, make up all of Pakistan’s provinces and territories. Pakistan has a total population of 220.9 million people.

The British Raj gave Pakistan the area that now makes up its 5 provinces of pakistan when India was divided on August 14, 1947.

Pakistan’s 5 provinces of pakistan are diverse in terms of their cultures, cuisine, and attire, as well as the finest crops to grow there.

Punjab is Pakistan’s most populous province by far. Gilgit Baltistan is the smallest province in Pakistan.

Which province in Pakistan has the largest area?

Geographically speaking, Balochistan is Pakistan’s biggest province in terms of land area. It makes about 42% of Pakistan’s total land area and has a total size of around 347,190 km2.

These 5 provinces of pakistan are crossed by several well-known highways and motorways in Pakistan, making travel simple for anyone.

A considerable portion of the population of Pakistan, a South Asian nation, speaks Indo-Iranian. Iran has borders with the country’s western neighbour, Afghanistan, its northern neighbour, India, its eastern and southeast neighbour, China, and its southern neighbour, the Arabian Sea. In terms of culture and history, the nation’s nearest neighbours are Afghanistan, Iran, and India. The biggest city in Pakistan, Karachi, is located on the southern shore of the Arabian Sea. Islamabad, the nation’s capital, is located in the foothills of the Himalayas. Pakistan is divided into 5 provinces of pakistan: Punjab, Balochistan, Sindh, Gilgit-Baltistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

5 provinces of pakistan

1.  Punjab

Pakistan’s easternmost province is called Punjab. Its borders are the federal capital region of Islamabad and Azad Kashmir on the north, the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir on the northeast, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan on the east, Sindh province on the south, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces on the west, and Jammu and Kashmir on the northeast. The province’s capital, Lahore, is located in the east-central region, not far from the Indian border. In Pakistan, Lahore is regarded as having the oldest museums, where you may visit to see a variety of antique sculptures, miniature paintings, rare manuscripts, and other items. The province is home to several historical sites in Pakistan, including as the Badshahi Masjid, the Minar-e-Pakistan, the Hiran Minar, etc. in addition to museums.


The region that is drained by the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej rivers—all of which are tributaries of the Indus River—is also known as Punjab, which translates to “five streams” or “five rivers.” After Balochistan, Punjab is the province with the highest population density in Pakistan. 205,345 square kilometres or 79,284 square miles of land. (2011) 91,379,615 persons.

The bulk of Punjab’s land area is made up of the south-flowing Indus River and its four main tributaries in Pakistan, the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, and Sutlej rivers. In general, the earth slopes from northeast to southwest, although it rises when two rivers meet. The alluvial plain’s active floodplains, which experience seasonal flooding, have shifting river channels, whereas meander floodplains nearby are identified by their relict and abandoned channels. The Potwar Plateau is located in the far north, and the Sub-Himalayas include the Murree and Rawalpindi hills, as well as the Pabbi hills in the far north. Read our blog post on Pakistan’s well-known dams as well.

More than half of Pakistan’s population lives in Punjab, the country’s most populated province, along with a number of important cities including Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multan, and Gujranwala. There is a substantial degree of rural-to-urban migration in the province, especially to the larger cities. The province is almost entirely Muslim, with the exception of a tiny Christian minority. The bulk of the population is native Punjabi speakers.

Agriculture is Punjab’s primary industry, providing work and income. Before the early 20th century, a vast network of irrigation canals was built using the waters of the Indus tributaries, transforming most of the province from dry wastelands that were unfit for development. Punjab is one of Pakistan’s most industrialized 5 provinces of pakistan; among its manufacturing sectors are those for textiles, machinery, electrical appliances, medical equipment, metals, bicycles and rickshaws, floor coverings, and processed foods. Pakistan’s main north-south road and railway link Lahore to Islamabad, the country’s capital, to the north, and Karachi, its ocean port, to the south.

2.  Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

The northernmost province of Pakistan is Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, formerly known as the North-West Frontier Province. It shares borders with Afghanistan on the west and north, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan (the Kashmir region’s Pakistani-administrated territories) on the east and northeast, Punjab province on the southeast, and Balochistan province on the southwest. The areas on Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s western border, close to the Afghan border, formerly known as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), are a collection of ethnically homogeneous regions that are part of the province but were semiautonomous until 2018. Capital of the province is Peshawar. 39,282 square miles (101,741 square km) make up the province. 35,519,927 individuals called the province home in 2017.


Numerous stunning hill towns in Pakistan, including Nathia Gali, Thandiani, Swat, Kalam, and Malam Jabba, are located in KPK. These mountainous towns are popular with visitors from Pakistan and throughout the globe.

In addition to other things, people from all across Pakistan enjoy to go with their family to Peshawar’s historical sites.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan is home to a number of powerful mountain ranges. The geography consists of mountain ranges, sloping submontane areas, and plains surrounded by hills. South of the Kbul River, which divides the province in half from east to west, mountain ranges mostly run north-south in the north and east-west in the south. The Hindu Kush area in the north, which has long been renowned for its scenic magnificence, is split into two separate ranges by the Kunar River: the northern Hindu Kush and the Hindu Raj. At 25,230 feet (7,690 meters), Tirich Mir is the highest peak in the northern Hindu Kush. South of the Hindu Raj were the stony Panjkora, Swat, and Kandia river basins. The province’s eastern part is home to the Lesser Himalayas and Sub-Himalayas, which together make up the Himalayas.

Check out some of the well-known shopping malls in Peshawar where people go for family outings to buy. The province of KPK is growing daily, especially its capital Peshawar.

The region’s economy is mostly based on agriculture, despite the fact that the steep terrain is unsuitable for significant farming. On around one-third of the farmed area, irrigation is provided. The main crops are wheat, corn (maize), sugarcane, and tobacco. The production and refinement of sugar, the canning and preservation of fruits and vegetables, the processing of tobacco, and the production of small guns are the main industries. Cotton clothing, cement, ghee (clarified butter), furniture, and milled cereals are further items. Read our blog post about Peshawar’s universities as well.

3.  Sindh

Sindh, sometimes known as Sind, is a province of Pakistan located in the southeast. Balochistan provinces border it on the west and north, Punjab on the northeast, the Indian states of Rajasthan and Gujarat on the east, and the Arabian Sea on the south. The Sindhu River, which runs across Pakistan, gives Sindh its name. Sindh is mostly a portion of the Indus River delta. In 1970, Sindh became a province. The southwest shore is where the provincial capital of Karchi is situated. 140,914 square kilometres of land cover 54,407 square kilometres. (35.664 million as of 2006).


Tourists from Pakistan and throughout the globe visit Sindh’s many tourist attractions and historical sites. For instance, Pakistan is home to several well-known lakes. The Keenjhar Lake is one of Pakistan’s most well-known manmade lakes. Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan is home to the famed lake.

There are several great Areas for Buying Houses in Karachi where people wish to purchase a house to live a tranquil life, especially because Sindh’s capital city Karachi is expanding daily.

Karchi is home to the majority of Pakistan’s large-scale industry, making Sindh one of the most industrialized5 provinces of pakistan in the nation. A number of the nation’s cotton mills are located in this province, which also produces a significant amount of the nation’s raw cotton. While there are a large number of mills in the sugar industry, just a few major cement producers dominate Pakistan’s cement industry. There are also neighbouring steel and auto plants.

In Karchi, the national press predominates. Two of the most esteemed institutions in the nation are Karchi University and Hyderabad-based Sindh University. The Sindh-Provincial Museum and Library and the Sindh-Adabi (literary) Board both produce works on Sindhi culture; in Karchi, libraries include the State Bank of Pakistan Library, the Liaquat Memorial Library, and others. Sindh is hence third in the list of 5 provinces of pakistan.

4.  Balochistan

Pakistan’s westernmost province is called Balochistan and is often spelled Balchistn. Its neighbours are Afghanistan (northwest), Iran (west), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (northeast), Punjab (east), Sindh (southeast), and the Arabian Sea (south).

The Baloch people did not arrive in the area until the 14th century CE, despite the fact that the country’s original inhabitants lived during the Stone and Bronze eras and were a part of Alexander the Great’s dominion. The two biggest and most diverse ethnic groupings are Baloch and Pashtun (Pathan), while a mixed ethnic stock, mostly of Sindhi descent, makes up the third largest ethnic group. Brahui, Pashto, Sindhi, and Balochi are the main languages. Balochistan was established as a separate province in its present form in 1970. This is true. Please read our article about Commercial Areas to Invest in Peshawar in addition to the 5 provinces of Pakistan.


Agriculture has limited access to resources including water, electricity, and sufficient transportation infrastructure. Wheat, jowar (sorghum), and rice are the primary food crops, whilst fruits are the primary cash crops. The majority of inhabitants are employed in sheep farming, which also occupies most of the available land. High-quality wool from the sheep is produced; part of it is exported. Examples of small-scale industry include the manufacture of cotton and wool, food processing, carpet manufacturing, textile and leather stitching, small appliance and machine manufacturing, and handicrafts.

Si is a town in the Balochistan region of southern Pakistan, northeast of Jacobbd. It gained prominence in 1950–1951, when one of the greatest natural gas resources in the world was found there.

Other than 5 provinces of pakistan, Pakistan’s real estate market is constantly evolving, and there are several factors to take into account before investing in Pakistani real estate.

5.  Gilgit-Baltistan

Yes, we are referring about northern regions, which have chilly winds, snow-capped mountains, and stunning landscapes. The northern regions of Pakistan offer everything, and Gilgit-Baltistan is the jewel in the crown of these breathtaking locales.Gilgit is a town located in Gilgit-Baltistan, a province of northern India’s Kashmir region governed by Pakistan. It is situated in a small valley on the Gilgit River in the Karakoram Range, around 20 miles (32 km) upstream from the confluence with the Hunza River and roughly 20 miles (32 km) downstream from the confluence with the Indus River.


The three main crops are wheat, corn (maize), and barley, with wheat, corn (maize), and barley being the most significant. The value of tourism is growing, especially mountain climbing and trekking in the Karakorams. The 1978-completed Karakoram Highway connects Gilgit with Mansehra in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region; Mansehra has a small airport. Gilgit is the only town of any size in the area. 8,200 (as of a 1998 estimate) people.

K2, also known as Mount Godwin Austen, Dapsang, or Chogori in the area, is the second-highest peak in the world after Mount Everest (28,251 feet [8,611 meters]). K2 is a peak in the Karakoram Range that is split between Pakistan’s Gilgit-Baltistan region of Kashmir, which is controlled by China, and a portion of Kashmir that is managed by the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang, China.

Pakistan’s tourism hub is Gilgit Baltistan. Some of the tallest mountains in the world, including K2, the second-highest mountain in the world, may be found in Gilgit Baltistan. Gilgit Baltistan’s landscape has a variety of mountains, lakes, glaciers, and valleys. Along with its mountains, Gilgit Baltistan is also known for its monuments, culture, history, and people. K2 Basecamp, Deosai, Naltar, Fairy Meadows, Bagrot Valley, and Hushe Valley are some of the well-known tourist spots in Gilgit Baltistan.

Although there are several other popular sports in the area, Polo is by far the most well-liked. A polo field can be found in almost every big valley, and during the summer, polo competitions there attract both residents and tourists from abroad. Gilgit and Chitral polo teams play in a yearly polo event held in Shandur.


These are all of Pakistan’s 5 provinces of pakistan, which are also its most populous. All of these 5 provinces of pakistan have a rich history of inhabitants, environments, cultures, and legacy. The region, which stretches from Giglit to Sindh, is rich in resources for agriculture, textiles, minerals, and scenery as far as the eye can see. Read our blog post on Pakistan’s Best Cities for Real Estate Investing as well.

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